TMJ Disorder Treatment

TMJ, which stands for temporomandibular joint, is the joint located in front of the ear on either side of the head. The joint allows motions such as eating, speaking and making facial expressions.

What is a TMJ Disorder?

TMJ disorders, or TMD, are a group of conditions that affect the jaw joint and the muscles that control chewing. Generally, TMD fall into three categories which include osteosrthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the jaw, dislocation of the joint and myofascial pain (which is the most common form of TMD. It is possible for patients to have more than one condition at a time. While the exact cause of TMD varies, the most common causes include:

  • Grinding or clenching your teeth
  • Injury to your jaw, joint or the muscles in your head and neck
  • Stress, which causes tight facial and jaw muscles
  • Arthritis in the joint
  • Movement of the disc between the ball and socket of the joint.

Symptoms of TMD

TMD can cause severe pain and discomfort on both sides of your face. Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Pain in your jaw and surrounding areas when chewing, speaking and opening your mouth
  • Clicking or popping sounds when you open or close your mouth. This could potentially be painful.
  • Swelling in your face and jaw-line.
  • Headaches and neck aches
  • Ringing in the ear (tinnitus)

Diagnosing and Treating TMD

If you’re suffering from TMD pain in your neck, ear and head, contact an ENT doctor to properly diagnose and treat your TMD.